Police and Justice Bill — 11 Jul 2006 at 19:10

The Majority carried an amendment that would mean the United States would still have to meet a prima facie case to extradite someone from the United Kingdom. This would be implemented by removing the United States from the list of Part 2 Territories under the Extradition Act 2003.

At this time, extradition between the United Kingdom and the United States was still technically covered by the extradition treaty of 1972. Under this, if the United States had wanted to extradite someone from the United Kingdom, it had to meet a prima facie case to succeed; if the United Kingdom had wanted to extradite someone from the United States, it had to meet the test of probable cause. Prima facie is a more onerous requirement than probable cause.

However, a new extradition treaty was signed on 31st March 2003 by David Blunkett (while Home Secretary) and by John Ashcroft (while Attorney General of the United States) – and without parliamentary scrutiny – which tried to address this imbalance: Britain would still have to show probable cause but the United States would no longer have to meet the prima facie case and could show reasonable suspicion instead. Reasonable suspicion is not the same as probable cause but, given the differences between the two countries' legal systems, it was argued that this was the fairest option. (For more explanation of this controversy see here).

The failure of the United States to ratify the 2003 treaty meant that the 1972 treaty should still have been in effect. However, in November 2003, the Extradition Act was passed by the United Kingdom with the result that now the United States did not have to provide the United Kingdom with any evidence for extradition (not even reasonable suspicion) while the United Kingdom still had to show the United States probable cause.

This lack of balance caused controversy in the United Kingdom - for example with the extradition of the Enron bankers.

The purpose of this amendment then was to remove the United States from the relevant part of the Extradition Act 2003 so as to force a return to the prima facie requirement (which was more onerous for the United States) as a means to persuade the United States to ratify the treaty which would have made extradition proceedings largely reciprocal.

Debate in Parliament | Source |

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The Bishop of ChesterBishopaye
The Bishop of NewcastleBishopaye
The Bishop of Southwell and NottinghamBishopaye
Baroness Anelay of St JohnsCon (front bench)aye
The Earl of ArranConaye
Viscount Astor Con (front bench)aye
Lord Astor of HeverCon (front bench)aye
Earl Attlee Conaye
Lord Bell Conaye
Lord Biffen Conaye
Lord Blackwell Con (front bench)aye
Lord Blaker Conaye
Viscount Bridgeman Con (front bench)aye
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Lord Brougham and Vaux Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Buscombe Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Byford Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Carnegy of LourConaye
Lord Chadlington Con (front bench)aye
Lord Colwyn Con (front bench)aye
Lord Cope of BerkeleyCon (front bench)tellaye
The Earl of CourtownConaye
Lord Crickhowell Conaye
Lord de Mauley Con (front bench)aye
Lord Dean of HarptreeConaye
Lord Denham Con (front bench)aye
Lord Dixon-Smith Con (front bench)aye
Viscount Eccles Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Eccles of MoultonCon (front bench)aye
Lord Eden of WintonConaye
Baroness Elles Conaye
Lord Elliott of MorpethConaye
Lord Elton Con (front bench)aye
Lord Feldman Conaye
Earl Ferrers Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Fookes Con (front bench)aye
Lord Freeman Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Gardner of ParkesCon (front bench)aye
Lord Garel-Jones Conaye
Lord Geddes Con (front bench)aye
Lord Glenarthur Conaye
Lord Glentoran Con (front bench)aye
Lord Goodlad Conaye
Lord Griffiths of FforestfachConaye
Baroness Hanham Con (front bench)aye
Lord Hanningfield Con (front bench)aye
Lord Hayhoe Conaye
Lord Henley Con (front bench)aye
Lord Higgins Con (front bench)aye
Lord Hodgson of Astley AbbottsCon (front bench)aye
Baroness Hogg Conaye
Baroness Hooper Conaye
Lord Howard of RisingCon (front bench)aye
Earl Howe Con (front bench)aye
Lord Howe of AberavonConaye
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Lord Jenkin of RodingConaye
Lord Kimball Con (front bench)aye
Lord King of BridgwaterCon (front bench)aye
Lord Kingsland Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Knight of CollingtreeConaye
Lord Laidlaw Conaye
Lord Laing of DunphailConaye
Lord Lamont of LerwickCon (front bench)aye
Lord Lawson of BlabyCon (front bench)aye
The Earl of LindsayConaye
The Earl of LiverpoolConaye
Lord Lloyd-Webber Conaye
Lord Lucas Con (front bench)aye
Lord Luke Con (front bench)aye
Lord MacGregor of Pulham MarketConaye
Lord MacLaurin of KnebworthConaye
Lord Marland Conaye
Lord Marlesford Con (front bench)aye
Lord Mawhinney Conaye
Lord Mayhew of TwysdenConaye
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The Duke of MontroseCon (front bench)aye
Baroness Morris of BoltonCon (front bench)aye
Lord Newton of BraintreeConaye
Baroness Noakes Con (front bench)aye
The Earl of NortheskConaye
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Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes Conaye
Lord Patten Conaye
Lord Pearson of RannochConaye
Lord Pilkington of OxenfordConaye
Lord Plumb Con (front bench)aye
Lord Plummer of St MaryleboneConaye
Baroness Rawlings Con (front bench)aye
Lord Reay Conaye
Lord Renton Conaye
Lord Renton of Mount HarryCon (front bench)aye
Lord Roberts of ConwyCon (front bench)aye
Lord Rotherwick Conaye
Lord Saatchi Conaye
Lord Sainsbury of Preston CandoverConaye
Lord Sanderson of BowdenConaye
Baroness Seccombe Con (front bench)aye
Lord Selkirk of DouglasConaye
Lord Selsdon Conaye
Baroness Sharples Conaye
Lord Shaw of NorthsteadCon (front bench)aye
Lord Sheikh Conaye
Baroness Shephard of NorthwoldConaye
Lord Skelmersdale Con (front bench)aye
Lord Soulsby of Swaffham PriorConaye
Lord St John of FawsleyConaye
Lord Steinberg Conaye
Lord Strathclyde Con (front bench)aye
Lord Swinfen Con (front bench)aye
Lord Taylor of HolbeachConaye
Lord Taylor of WarwickConaye
Lord Tebbit Conaye
Baroness Thatcher Conaye
Lord Trefgarne Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Trumpington Con (front bench)aye
Viscount Ullswater Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Verma Conaye
Lord Vinson Conaye
Lord Waddington Conaye
Lord Wade of ChorltonCon (front bench)aye
Lord Wakeham Con (front bench)aye
Baroness Wilcox Con (front bench)aye
Lord Willoughby de Broke Conaye
Lord Windlesham Conaye
Lord Best Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Bhatia Crossbenchaye
Viscount Bledisloe Crossbenchaye
Viscount Colville of CulrossCrossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Condon Crossbenchaye
Viscount Craigavon Crossbenchaye
Lord Currie of MaryleboneCrossbenchaye
Baroness D'Souza Crossbench (front bench)aye
Baroness Darcy de Knayth Crossbenchaye
The Earl of ErrollCrossbenchaye
Baroness Finlay of LlandaffCrossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Foster of Thames BankCrossbenchaye
Baroness Fritchie Crossbenchaye
Lord Greenway Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Hannay of ChiswickCrossbench (front bench)aye
Baroness Howarth of BrecklandCrossbench (front bench)aye
Baroness Howe of IdlicoteCrossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Hylton Crossbenchaye
The Earl of ListowelCrossbench (front bench)aye
Baroness Masham of IltonCrossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Monson Crossbenchaye
Viscount Montgomery of AlameinCrossbenchaye
Lord Moran Crossbenchaye
Lord Moser Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Ouseley Crossbenchaye
Lord Palmer Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Rees-Mogg Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lady Saltoun of AbernethyCrossbench (front bench)aye
The Earl of SandwichCrossbenchaye
Baroness Stern Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Stevens of KirkwhelpingtonCrossbenchaye
Viscount Tenby Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Thomas of SwynnertonCrossbenchaye
Lord Walpole Crossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Williamson of HortonCrossbench (front bench)aye
Lord Robertson of Port EllenCrossbenchno
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Lord Stoddart of SwindonIndependent Labouraye
Lord Kirkhill Labaye
Lord Moonie Labaye
Lord Williams of ElvelLab (minister)aye
Lord Adonis Lab (minister)no
Lord Alli Labno
Baroness Amos Lab (minister)no
Baroness Andrews Lab (minister)no
Lord Archer of SandwellLabno
Lord Bach Lab (minister)no
Lord Bassam of BrightonLab (minister)no
Lord Bernstein of CraigweilLabno
Lord Brett Labno
Lord Brooke of AlverthorpeLab (minister)no
Lord Brookman Labno
Lord Burlison Labno
Lord Campbell-Savours Labno
Lord Carter of ColesLabno
Viscount Chandos Lab (minister)no
Lord Christopher Lab (minister)no
Lord Clarke of HampsteadLabno
Lord Clark of WindermereLabno
Baroness Corston Labno
Baroness Crawley Lab (minister)no
Lord Cunningham of FellingLab (minister)no
Lord Davidson of Glen ClovaLab (minister)no
Lord Davies of CoityLab (minister)no
Lord Davies of OldhamLab (minister)tellno
Lord Desai Labno
Lord Dixon Lab (minister)no
Lord Donoughue Labno
Lord Drayson Lab (minister)no
Lord Dubs Lab (minister)no
Lord Evans of ParksideLabno
Lord Evans of Temple GuitingLab (minister)no
Lord Falconer of ThorotonLab (minister)no
Baroness Farrington of RibbletonLab (minister)no
Lord Faulkner of WorcesterLabno
Baroness Ford Labno
Lord Foster of Bishop AucklandLabno
Lord Fyfe of FairfieldLabno
Baroness Gale Lab (minister)no
Lord Gavron Lab (minister)no
Baroness Gibson of Market RasenLab (minister)no
Lord Giddens Labno
Lord Gilbert Labno
Baroness Golding Labno
Lord Goldsmith Lab (minister)no
Lord Gordon of StrathblaneLabno
Lord Gould of BrookwoodLab (minister)no
Lord Grantchester Lab (minister)no
Lord Griffiths of Burry PortLabno
Lord Grocott Lab (minister)tellno
Lord Harris of HaringeyLabno
Lord Harrison Lab (minister)no
Lord Hart of ChiltonLabno
Lord Haskel Lab (minister)no
Baroness Henig Lab (minister)no
Baroness Hilton of EggardonLab (minister)no
Lord Hogg of CumbernauldLabno
Baroness Hollis of HeighamLabno
Lord Howarth of NewportLabno
Lord Howie of TroonLab (minister)no
Lord Hughes of WoodsideLabno
Lord Hunt of Kings HeathLab (minister)no
Lord Jones Lab (minister)no
Baroness Kingsmill Labno
Lord King of West BromwichLabno
Lord Lea of CrondallLab (minister)no
Lord Leitch Labno
Lord Lipsey Labno
Lord Lofthouse of PontefractLabno
Lord MacKenzie of CulkeinLabno
Lord Mackenzie of FramwellgateLabno
Lord Mason of BarnsleyLabno
Baroness Massey of DarwenLab (minister)no
Baroness McDonagh Labno
Baroness McIntosh of HudnallLab (minister)no
Lord McKenzie of LutonLab (minister)no
Lord Morgan Labno
Baroness Morgan of DrefelinLab (minister)no
Baroness Morgan of HuytonLab (minister)no
Lord Morris of HandsworthLabno
Lord Patel of BlackburnLabno
Lord Pendry Labno
Baroness Pitkeathley Lab (minister)no
Baroness Prosser Lab (minister)no
Lord Prys-Davies Labno
Baroness Quin Labno
Baroness Ramsay of CartvaleLab (minister)no
Lord Randall of St BudeauxLabno
Baroness Rendell of BaberghLab (minister)no
Lord Rooker Lab (minister)no
Lord Rosser Lab (minister)no
Lord Rowlands Lab (minister)no
Baroness Royall of BlaisdonLab (minister)no
Lord Sawyer Labno
Baroness Scotland of AsthalLab (minister)no
Viscount Simon Lab (minister)no
Lord Smith of LeighLabno
Lord Snape Lab (minister)no
Lord Soley Labno
Baroness Symons of Vernham DeanLab (minister)no
Baroness Taylor of BoltonLabno
Lord Temple-Morris Lab (minister)no
Baroness Thornton Labno
Lord Tomlinson Lab (minister)no
Lord Truscott Lab (minister)no
Lord Tunnicliffe Lab (minister)no
Lord Turnberg Labno
Baroness Turner of CamdenLabno
Baroness Wall of New BarnetLabno
Baroness Warwick of UndercliffeLabno
Baroness Whitaker Labno
Lord Whitty Lab (minister)no
Baroness Wilkins Lab (minister)no
Lord Woolmer of LeedsLab (minister)no
Lord Young of Norwood GreenLabno
Lord Addington LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Barker LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Bonham-Carter of YarnburyLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Chidgey LDemaye
Lord Clement-Jones LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Cotter LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Dholakia LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Dykes LDem (front bench)aye
Viscount Falkland LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Falkner of MargravineLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Garden LDem (front bench)aye
The Earl of GlasgowLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Goodhart LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Greaves LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Hamwee LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Harris of RichmondLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Holme of CheltenhamLDemaye
Lord Kirkwood of KirkhopeLDemaye
Lord Lee of TraffordLDemaye
Lord Lester of Herne HillLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Linklater of ButterstoneLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Livsey of TalgarthLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Maddock LDem (front bench)aye
Lord McNally LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Methuen LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Miller of Chilthorne DomerLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Neuberger LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Newby LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove BayLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Phillips of SudburyLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Razzall LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Redesdale LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Roberts of LlandudnoLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Rodgers of Quarry BankLDemaye
Lord Roper LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Russell-Johnston LDemaye
Baroness Sharp of GuildfordLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Shutt of GreetlandLDem (front bench)tellaye
Lord Taverne LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Teverson LDemaye
Lord Thomas of GresfordLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Thomas of WalliswoodLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Thomas of WinchesterLDemaye
Baroness Tonge LDemaye
Lord Tordoff LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Tyler LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Vallance of TummelLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Wallace of SaltaireLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Walmsley LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Williams of CrosbyLDemaye

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