Domestic Abuse Bill — Report (2nd Day) — Amendment 51 — 10 Mar 2021 at 22:08

Moved by Baroness Kennedy of The Shaws

51: After Clause 68, insert the following new Clause-“Defence for victims of domestic abuse who commit an offence(1) A person is not guilty of an offence if-(a) the person is aged 18 or over when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,(b) the person does that act because the person is compelled to do it,(c) the compulsion is attributable to their being a victim of domestic abuse, and(d) a reasonable person in the same situation as the person and having the person’s relevant characteristics would have no realistic alternative to doing that act.(2) A person may be compelled to do something by another person or by the person’s circumstances.(3) Compulsion is attributable to domestic abuse only if-(a) it is, or is part of, conduct which constitutes domestic abuse as defined in sections 1 and 2 of this Act, including but not limited to conduct which constitutes the offence of controlling or coercive behaviour in an intimate or family relationship as defined in section 76 of the Serious Crime Act 2015 (controlling or coercive behaviour in an intimate or family relationship), or(b) it is a direct consequence of a person being, or having been, a victim of such abuse.(4) A person is not guilty of an offence if-(a) the person is under the age of 18 when the person does the act which constitutes the offence,(b) the person does that act as a direct consequence of the person being, or having been, a victim of domestic abuse as defined at subsection (3)(a) above, and(c) a reasonable person in the same situation as the person and having the person’s relevant characteristics would do that act.(5) For the purposes of this section “relevant characteristics” means age, sex, any physical or mental illness or disability and any experience of domestic abuse.(6) In this section references to an act include an omission.(7) Subsections (1) and (4) do not apply to an offence listed in Schedule (Offences to which the defence for victims of domestic abuse who commit an offence does not apply).(8) The Secretary of State may by regulations amend Schedule (Offences to which the defence for victims of domestic abuse who commit an offence does not apply).(9) The Secretary of State must make arrangements for monitoring of the types of offence for which victims of domestic abuse are prosecuted and use this evidence to inform an annual review of the offences listed in Schedule (Offences to which the defence for victims of domestic abuse who commit an offence does not apply) and any amendment to Schedule (Offences to which the defence for victims of domestic abuse who commit an offence does not apply).”Member’s explanatory statementThis new Clause would provide a statutory defence for survivors of domestic abuse, in some circumstances, who commit an offence. It is closely modelled on section 45 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.

Ayes 283, Noes 245.

Debate in Parliament |

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Viscount Younger of LeckieCon (front bench)no
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Lord Walker of AldringhamCrossbenchaye
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Lord Aberdare Crossbenchno
Lord Anderson of IpswichCrossbench (front bench)no
Baroness Butler-Sloss Crossbench (front bench)no
Viscount Craigavon Crossbenchno
Lord Dannatt Crossbenchno
Baroness Deech Crossbenchno
The Earl of DevonCrossbenchno
The Earl of ErrollCrossbenchno
Lord Hannay of ChiswickCrossbench (front bench)no
Baroness Hogg Crossbenchno
Lord Kilclooney Crossbenchno
Lord Pannick Crossbench (front bench)no
Lord Trevethin and Oaksey Crossbench (front bench)no
Lord Browne of BelmontDUPno
Lord Hay of BallyoreDUPno
Lord Morrow DUPno
Baroness Bennett of Manor CastleGreenaye
Baroness Jones of MoulsecoombGreenaye
Lord Brown of Eaton-under-HeywoodJudge (front bench)aye
Baroness Adams of CraigieleaLab (minister)aye
Lord Alli Labaye
Lord Anderson of SwanseaLab (minister)aye
Baroness Armstrong of Hill TopLab (minister)aye
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Lord Bassam of BrightonLab (minister)aye
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Lord Grabiner Labno
Lord Addington LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Alderdice LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Allan of HallamLDemaye
Baroness Bakewell of Hardington MandevilleLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Barker LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Beith LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Benjamin LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Bonham-Carter of YarnburyLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Bowles of BerkhamstedLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Bradshaw LDemaye
Baroness Brinton LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Bruce of BennachieLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Burnett LDemaye
Baroness Burt of SolihullLDemaye
Lord Campbell of PittenweemLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Clement-Jones LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Dholakia LDem (front bench)aye
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Lord Foster of BathLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Fox LDem (front bench)aye
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Lord German LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Goddard of StockportLDem (front bench)aye
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Baroness Hamwee LDem (front bench)aye
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Lord Hussain LDemaye
Baroness Hussein-Ece LDem (front bench)aye
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Baroness Jolly LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Jones of CheltenhamLDemaye
Baroness Kramer LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Lee of TraffordLDemaye
Baroness Ludford LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Marks of Henley-on-ThamesLDem (front bench)aye
Lord McNally LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Miller of Chilthorne DomerLDemaye
Lord Newby LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Northover LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Oates LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Paddick LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Palmer of Childs HillLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Parminter LDem (front bench)aye
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Lord Purvis of TweedLDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Randerson LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Razzall LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Redesdale LDemaye
Lord Rennard LDemaye
Lord Roberts of LlandudnoLDemaye
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Lord Scriven LDem (front bench)aye
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Lord Shipley LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Smith of NewnhamLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Stephen LDemaye
Lord Stoneham of DroxfordLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Storey LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Stunell LDemaye
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Lord Taverne LDemaye
Lord Taylor of Goss MoorLDemaye
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Lord Thomas of GresfordLDem (front bench)aye
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Lord Tope LDem (front bench)aye
Lord Tyler LDem (front bench)aye
Baroness Tyler of EnfieldLDem (front bench)aye
Lord Verjee LDemaye
Lord Wallace of SaltaireLDem (front bench)aye
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Lord Willis of KnaresboroughLDemaye
Lord Wrigglesworth LDemaye
Baroness Nicholson of WinterbourneLDemno
Baroness Amos Non-affiliatedaye
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Lord Eatwell Non-affiliatedaye
Lord Mackenzie of FramwellgateNon-affiliatedaye
Baroness Ritchie of DownpatrickNon-affiliated (front bench)aye
Lord Smith of FinsburyNon-affiliatedaye
Baroness Uddin Non-affiliatedaye
Lord Taylor of WarwickNon-affiliatedno
Lord Wigley PCaye
Lord Pearson of RannochUKIPno
Lord Empey UUP (front bench)no

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